Thai basil is a tender perennial but is typically grown as an annual. As a tropical plant, Thai basil is hardy only in very warm climates where there is no chance of frost. … Thai basil can be repeatedly harvested by taking a few leaves at a time and should be harvested periodically to encourage regrowth.
Does Thai basil come back every year?
Basil has a natural annual life cycle. It will flower and produce seeds, which can be harvested and dried for replanting. … You can then plant them indoors and keep basil growing all year, or save the seeds in an airtight container to plant outside next year.
Can Thai basil survive winter?
Generally, its growth cycle doesn’t include overwintering; rather it dies down and the hard seeds wait in the ground over winter and then germinate during the spring thaw. When temperatures dip, basil suffers cold damage almost immediately in the form of blackened leaves. Therefore, basil and cold weather do not gibe.
Should I cut the flowers off my Thai basil?
Basil loves hot weather, and if your plants are flourishing, it’s time to prune (and harvest). … If the flower stems are too woody to pinch (often the case with Thai basil), cut them off with shears. A plant allowed to flower will soon go to seed, stop growing, and die, so be vigilant about removing flowers.
Which Basil is perennial?
Greek columnar basil (Ocimum basilicum spp.) grows 80 cm high and 60 cm wide, and has an upright growth habit that makes it neat and easy to cultivate; it’s perfect for small herb gardens. The crisp leaves are very aromatic and can be used fresh in salads, added to sauces, soups and pasta.
How do you maintain Thai basil?
Thai basil plants need at least six hours of direct sunlight to flourish. Water weekly but keep the water off the leaves; water from the base. Over-watering will cause the leaves to yellow and drop, and under-watering will make flowers and buds suffer, so it is important to attain a balance when watering Thai basil.
Can you eat the purple flowers on Thai basil?
The flowers and stems are absolutely edible. The stems are like cilantro stems in that they have a lot of flavor of the herb but are not as prized for their texture as the leaves.
How do you overwinter Thai basil?
Once the herb has dried, remove the leaves from the stems and store the leaves either whole or ground in an airtight container away from heat and bright light. Stored in this manner, dried basil will keep for one year. A better method for storing and utilizing fresh basil leaves is by freezing the herb.
Does Thai basil need full sun?
Like other basils, Thai basil is a heat-loving plant and is especially susceptible to frost damage. … Thai basil prefers soil that is lightly moist, slightly acidic, well-drained and rich in organic matter, such as compost. It thrives in full sun but will tolerate part shade.
Can you freeze Thai basil?
Basil can also be preserved in oil or frozen to maximize its shelf life. Chop fresh basil leaves and place in clean ice cub trays. Cover with oil, water, or stock and freeze. When ready to use, simply remove a few cubes and keep the rest in the freezer.
What can you do with Thai basil flowers?
When sprinkled over a salad, basil flowers impart a mild basil flavor and add a decorative touch. They also make a great garnish for anything that pairs well with basil, such as pasta, cheese or fresh fruit, or plates of meat or vegetables.
What is Thai basil good for?
Like sweet basil, thai basil is as aromatic as it is tasty. Lots of peppery, anise-like, and warm spicy flavors in this herb. Thai basil stands up to cooking a little better than sweet basil, making it a good choice for soups, stir-fries, and curries.
How do you take care of Thai basil indoors?
Thai basil plants are fairly low maintenance when grown indoors.
- Water containers when the potting soil is dry to the touch. …
- Avoid getting water on the foliage when watering the plants. …
- Fertilize plants every 4-6 weeks using a water-soluble fertilizer at half strength.
Does basil regrow after cutting?
Even after a major cutting back, the herb will be ready for pruning again in a few weeks. Pinching or cutting back basil plants regularly encourages full, bushy plants.
Does basil like sun or shade?
Prep. Basil is a tropical herb, and plants need sun and heat to thrive. Give it a spot that receives six to eight hours of sun daily, except in the South and Southwest, where afternoon shade is a must. Basil needs moist, nutrient-rich soil that drains well.
How long will a basil plant live?
Under perfect conditions, Basil plants can grow for up to 6 months in the ground, and up to four months in a pot.