Traditional Thai cuisine loosely falls into four categories: tom (boiled dishes), yam (spicy salads), tam (pounded foods), and gaeng (curries). Deep-fries, stir-fries, and steamed dishes derive from Chinese cooking.
What is the main spice in Thai food?
Apart from cilantro, the most commonly used spice and herbs are turmeric, peppercorns, garlic, cinnamon, cumin, cloves, lemon grass, sweet basil and a ginger-like root called kha (galangal). Chiles are also a mainstay and play a major role in an endless assortment of spicy, hot and very hot curries, dips and salads.
What is Yum in Thai food?
The word ‘yum’ means delicious in English. On the other (Thai) hand, it means to toss a spicy sauce/ dressing into your salad/ noodle bowl. … They are spicy, sour, and a little sweet, and they are a bit challenging for those who love spiciness.
Is Thai food healthy or unhealthy?
Traditional Thai cuisine is quite healthy and largely based on vegetables, lean proteins, and fresh herbs and spices. Certain Thai dishes are high in refined carbs and may contain deep-fried foods, added sugar, or high amounts of salt.
What gives Thai food its flavor?
10 Essential Ingredients of Thai Cooking
- Thai Fish Sauce. Known in Thai as nam pla, this seasoning is a pungent brine made from fermenting fish with salt. …
- Curry Paste. Though you can make your own, even in Thailand most cooks buy premade curry pastes. …
- Vinegar. …
- Coconut Milk. …
- Rice. …
- Chiles. …
- Black Pepper. …
Is turmeric used in Thai cooking?
Turmeric in Thai Cuisine
Turmeric is frequently used in Thai curries and other savory dishes. Yellow curries get their color from turmeric. Thai yellow curry paste is made with turmeric and used in recipes for meat, seafood, vegetables, noodles, and soups.
What does Tom mean in Thai?
– Tom : it means boil or soup. Most of this category of food have liquids as the main ingredient. … Tom Kha Gai is coconut chicken soup, Tom yum kung is famous Thai spicy shrimp soup, Tom Hed Hom is dry shitake mushroom soup and anything else that starts with the word Tom you can expect that it is a soup in Thai food.
What is yum salad?
Yum salad is a savory Laotian salad made with fresh watercress, boiled eggs, peanuts, iceberg lettuce, tomatoes, garlic, and lime juice. Some recipes also include radicchio, coriander, radishes, shallots, and cucumbers.
What’s the difference between Tom Yum and Tom Kha?
Tom Yum and Tom Kha are both hot and sour soups. The critical difference is that Tom Kha has coconut milk added.
Why is pad Thai so unhealthy?
It’s rather an inconvenience, therefore, to know that Pad Thai is one of the unhealthiest things to eat in a Thai restaurant. … The 40 gms of fat in Pad Thai is half of what an average person should consume in 24 hours, and the 2,500 mg of sodium is 175 per cent more than the daily allowance.
Is Thai food healthier than Chinese food?
Thai food is often healthier than Chinese food. Thai food puts a focus on balance and variety. They are often light and the aromas are just as important as the taste of the food. Thai food uses less heavy sauces and oils than Chinese food uses that are healthier for you, if any oil at all.
Can you lose weight eating Thai food?
Thai food is fairly healthy and good for weight loss. In fact, many Westerners tend to lose between 3% and 5% of their body weight in 1-2 months if they switch from Western foods to Thai foods.
Why is Thai food so salty?
It’s not only calories you need to be mindful of. Thai cuisine can also be very high in sodium thanks to ingredients such as fish sauce, curry paste and shrimp paste. Depending on what you order (and how much you eat), it can be nearly impossible to keep your daily sodium consumption in check.
What is unique about Thai food?
The traditional taste of Thai food lies in the combination of four key tastes; sweet, salty, sour and bitter which balance together to give you that distinctive taste of Thailand that is evident is dishes such as Panang Gai and Kwaitiew Pad Thai. …
What ingredient makes Thai food spicy?
The bioactive ingredient found in chili peppers that causes the intense ‘hot’ or spicy feeling on the tongue is a chemical called capsaicin. Ginger’s spiciness is caused by the chemical gingerol, that mellows a bit when cooked, but becomes more intense when dried.